Classroom Management

Citation: Huitt, W. (1996). Classroom management. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved [date], from

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Brophy (1983) states there are 3 general principles for good classroom management:

  1. Willingness of the teacher to accept responsibility for classroom control
  2. Long-term, solution-oriented approaches to problems (rather than short-term, desist/control responses
  3. Check to see if symptomatic behavior is caused by underlying personal problems (impulsivity, lack of awareness, home problems, etc.)

Brophy also cites 3 orientations to classroom management:

  1. Self-concept/personal adjustment--the teacher encourages discouraged students, builds self-esteem by arranging for and calling attention to success, improving peer relationships, etc.
  2. Insight (cognitive)--spend time with problem students individually, attempting to instruct and inform them, getting to know them personally
  3. Behavioristic--offer incentives, negotiate contracts, call attention to and reinforce desirable behavior


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Dr. William G. (Bill) Huitt
Dept. of Psychology, Counseling & Guidance
Valdosta State University
Valdosta, GA 31698-0001

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