Citation: Huitt, W. (2009). Cooperative learning.
Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State
University. Retrieved [date], from
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- Cooperative interaction within groups
- Group incentives that motivate students to urge fellow students to perform well
- Equal opportunity for earning high scores and contributing to group effort
- Task specialization
- Competition among groups
Sample Cooperative Learning Activity
- Balkcom , A. (1992, June). Cooperative learning.
Education Research Consumer Guide, Number 1.
- Ngeow, K. (1998). Enhancing student thinking through collaborative learning
(ERIC Digest). Bloomington, IN: ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading, English, and
Communication. Retrieved May 2002, from
- Student team learning
activities developed by Robert Slavin and others.
- Teams-Games-Tournaments (TGT)--DeVries, D., & Slavin, R. (1978). Teams-
Games-Tournaments (TGT): Review of ten classroom experiments. Journal of Research and
Development in Education, 12,28-38.
- Student Teams-Achievement Divisions (STAD)--Slavin, R. (1978). Student teams and
achievement divisions. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 12,
- Team-Assisted Individualization (TAI)--Slavin, R. (1989). Comprehensive cooperative
learning models for heterogeneous classrooms. The Pointer, 33(2), 12-18.
- Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC)--Stevens, R., Madden, N., &
Slavin, R. (1987). Cooperative integarted reading and composition: Two experiments. Reading
Research Quarterly, 22, 433-454.
- Learning Together--Johnson, D., & Johnson, R. (1987). Learning together and
alone (2nd Ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
- Jigsaw--Aronson, E. (1978). The Jigsaw classroom. Beverly Hill, CA: Sage.
- Jigsaw II--Slavin, R. (1980). Using student team learning (rev. ed.).
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, Center for Social Organization of Schools.
- Group Investigation--Joyce, B., & Weil, M. (1986). Models of teaching. (pp.
219-238). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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